Ready for the future? Then, Teach and Think Critically Teaching Botany Using RWCT Methods

Babyrádová, Veronika1, Hrežová, Jitka1
1 Gymnázium a Střední odborná škola zdravotnická a ekonomická Vyškov, p.o. Komenského Street 16/5, 682 01 Vyškov,

* Corresponding author: veronika.babyradova@seznam.cz

J. ASB Soc., 2020, 1(1), 40-47
Key words:
RWCT methods, interdisciplinary connections, teaching brochure, complexity, universality
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.51337/JASB20201228005
The main aim of this work was to create a complex educational kit for learning about poisonous plants growing in the Czech Republic. This set is intended especially for juniors at grammar schools, where it may be utilized in biology seminars. The kit aims to showcase interdisciplinary connections between biology and other natural as well as social sciences, which is a way of positively impacting students’ interests in the sciences through topics that are not strictly related to biology. Using the RWCT (Reading and Writing for Critical Thinking) method allows the students to connect what they already know with new knowledge, develop a complex opinion thanks to that connection and understand issues that overlap to different fields, which may not be necessarily related. The main contribution of this work lies in the educational set consisting of four parts: the teaching brochure, a board game, a matching game, and several worksheets. The whole set is designed to make the students actively think about the subject, its overlaps, and connections to other fields of study, and then to lead them towards creating a complex opinion on the given topic. Another important feature of the set is that it leads the students to make use of their textbook, rather than any digital sources of information (e.g. slides from a teacher, to which they are accustomed nowadays in classes). The teaching set was tested in a sample biology seminar classes attended by 18 students. Following the lesson, the usefulness of the set was evaluated through semi-structured interviews with three respondents, who had taken part in the class. However, more testing lessons and more similar interviews with attending students would be needed to conclusively prove the effectiveness of this teaching set.
The main aim of this work was to create a complex educational kit on the topic of poisonous plants growing in the Czech Republic. This topic is often neglected because of the lack of educational materials. The created kit consists of an educational brochure, which serves as a student´s book, complementary worksheets, a board game and a puzzle. Simultaneously, I focused on the creation of an educational kit following an interesting educational method – Reading and Writing for Critical Thinking (RWCT). From my point of view, the partial methods and tasks of critical thinking allow the students to connect the previous knowledge with the newly acquired one and simultaneously consider different perspectives. Hence, the tasks which were created for educational brochures, worksheets and the board game are initiating the interdisciplinary connection between botany and other disciplines, for instance, chemistry, social science or history. One of the important strengths is removability of the teaching brochure pages, so students can work on one specific poisonous plant, both individually and in groups. Through that, I tried to encourage the development of independence as well as communication and cooperation skills during the group work, all important for their future life. Therefore, it is important to develop these skills intensively during the school years. On the other hand, it is necessary to admit that the RWCT methods are not firmly established in the Czech education system and its use is not a matter of course, although it offers the students a lot of useful things. This fact led me to creating a set which has the potential to guide teachers to use RWCT methods guided by the suggested tasks and the layout, thus simplifying its application during teaching. The expected qualities of this training set were verified during the detailed planned lesson where the educational set was used along all phases of the three-phase teaching model according to the RWCT methods. I chose to give this lesson to third-year secondary school students (the equivalent of junior year of high school) in their 90-minute biology seminar. First, they performed tasks linking their existing knowledge with the topic of the lesson, then they enriched this knowledge with new contexts, and finally, with the help of a board game, they repeated attractively newly gained information during the memorizing process. In summary, I created an educational set, which, with its tasks and design, encourages teachers to use at least partial elements of the RWCT methods. One of the important strengths is removability of the teaching brochure pages, so students can work on one specific poisonous plant, both individually and in groups. Through that, I tried to encourage the development of independence as well as communication and cooperation skills during the group work, all important for their future life. Therefore, it is important to develop these skills intensively during the school years. On the other hand, it is necessary to admit that the RWCT methods are not firmly established in the Czech education system and its use is not a matter of course, although it offers the students a lot of useful things. This fact led me to creating a set which has the potential to guide teachers to use RWCT methods guided by the suggested tasks and the layout, thus simplifying its application during teaching. The expected qualities of this training set were verified during the detailed planned lesson where the educational set was used along all phases of the three-phase teaching model according to the RWCT methods. I chose to give this lesson to third-year secondary school students (the equivalent of junior year of high school) in their 90-minute biology seminar. First, they performed tasks linking their existing knowledge with the topic of the lesson, then they enriched this knowledge with new contexts, and finally, with the help of a board game, they repeated attractively newly gained information during the memorizing process. In summary, I created an educational set, which, with its tasks and design, encourages teachers to use at least partial elements of the RWCT methods.
Veronika Babyrádová, is a student of Educational Science at the Faculty of Arts of Masaryk University and comes from Tučapy (Vyškov). Her work earned her first prize in the Czech national round of Students Professional Activities – SPA (Středoškolská odborná činnost - SOČ) and was awarded by Czech Association of Scientific and Technical Societies and the Czech Academy of Sciences in the category of secondary school students in 2018. Veronika won the SPA compettion for the second time in 2019 with the work focused on the topic of pea seed dormancy in the connection with the temperature cycling, which was done in collaboration with Palacký University (Olomouc), and was awarded the Prize of Heyrovsky endowment. In the future, she would like to focus on Educational Science research related to the influence of task instruction on its fulfilment in the lesson using RWCT methods.